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Muslims Say That the Bible Has Been Corrupted, but the Quran and Muslim Scholars Say Otherwise

Muslims Say That the Bible Has Been Corrupted, but the Quran and Muslim Scholars Say Otherwise

Some Muslims claim that the Bible’s text has been corrupted. They argue that if the Bible were not corrupted, then the Quran would be proven false because it contains accounts that contradict the Bible, such as the fate of Noah’s sons, the crucifixion of Jesus, and the nature of God’s guidance source source source.

However, the Quran itself suggests otherwise. It instructs Muhammad and its readers to consult the People of the Book (i.e., those who follow the Bible) to verify its contents, particularly regarding events like those involving Noah, Moses, and Pharaoh (Surah 10:71-10:95). The Quran assumes that the People of the Book possess the original scriptures of these events. You can read these verses in context in Surah 10:71-93 here.

In Surah 10:94-95, the Quran states:

“If thou wert in doubt as to what We have revealed unto thee, THEN ASK THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN READING THE BOOK FROM BEFORE THEE: the Truth hath indeed come to thee from thy Lord: so be in no wise of those in doubt. And be not thou of those who deny the revelations of Allah, for then wert thou of the lost.”

This implies that the Bible, at the time of the Quran’s revelation, was not corrupted.

Further, Surah 7:156-157 mentions:


“[They are] the ones who follow the Messenger [Muhammad], the unlettered Prophet, WHOSE DESCRIPTION THEY FIND IN THEIR TORAH AND GOSPEL.”

If the Bible had been corrupted, it wouldn’t make sense for Allah to direct people to it for Muhammad’s description. The manuscripts of the Bible that existed then still exist today, indicating that the Bible has not been corrupted.

Surah 5:46-47 also emphasizes the reliability of the Bible:

“Then in the footsteps of the prophets, We sent Jesus, son of Mary, confirming the Torah revealed before him. And We gave him the Gospel containing guidance and light and confirming what was revealed in the Torah—a guide and a lesson to the God-fearing. SO LET THE PEOPLE OF THE GOSPEL JUDGE BY WHAT ALLAH HAS REVEALED IN IT. And those who do not judge by what Allah has revealed are [truly] the rebellious.”

This present-tense command to the Christians of that time to judge by the Gospel indicates that the Bible was still considered uncorrupted.

Surah 2:113 critiques the mutual disdain between Jews and Christians, highlighting that both groups read “the book”:

“The Jews say, ‘The Christians are not [founded] upon anything.’ And the Christians say, ‘The Jews are not [founded] upon anything.’ And yet THEY READ THE BOOK.”

This statement would not hold if “the book” had been corrupted at that time.

Additional verses affirming the integrity of the Bible include:

Surah 5:71:

“Say, O People of the Book! You are not [founded] on anything UNTIL you PERFORM the TORAH and the GOSPEL, and what was revealed to you from your Lord.”

Surah 3:93-94:

“All food was lawful to the children of Israel except what Israel made unlawful for itself before the Torah was revealed. Say, ‘BRING the TORAH and READ it, if you are men of truth.’ If any, after this, invent a lie and attribute it to God, they are indeed transgressors.”

Some Muslims argue that the Torah and Gospel mentioned in the Quran are not the ones used today but rather other original versions. However, historical evidence shows that the Torah and Gospel during the Quran’s revelation were the Masoretic Text and the canonical Gospels, which are the same texts used by Jews and Christians today.

Hadiths also reference the Torah in a way that confirms it as the same text used today. For instance:

Mishkat al-Masabih cites descriptions of Muhammad found in the Torah:

“Ata b. Yasar told that he met Abdallah b. Amr b. al-As and asked him to inform him of the description of God’s messenger given in the Torah. He agreed, swearing by God that he was certainly described in the Torah by part of the description of him given in the Qur’an.”

Additionally, in Kitab al-Hudud:

“Narrated Abdullah Ibn Umar: A group of Jews came and invited the Apostle of Allah (peace-be-upon-him) to Quff. So he visited them in their school. They said: Abul Qasim, one of our men has committed fornication with a woman; so pronounce judgement upon them. They placed a cushion for the Apostle of Allah (peace-be-upon-him) who sat on it and said: Bring the Torah. It was then brought. He then withdrew the cushion from beneath him and placed the Torah on it saying: I believed in thee and in Him who revealed thee.”

Muslim scholars like Ibn Mazar, Ibn Hatim, and Shah Waliyu `Illah have also supported the view that the Torah and the Gospels remain unaltered:

“Ibn Mazar and Ibn Hatim state, in the commentary known as the Tafsir Durr-I-Mansur, that they have it on the authority of Ibn Muniyah, that the Taurat (i.e., the books of Moses), and the Injil (i.e., the Gospels), are in the same state of purity in which they were sent down from heaven, and that no alterations had been made in them…” (T. P. Hughes, p. 62)

Ibn Kathir, quoting Muhammad about Jews and Christians:

“David died in the midst of his friends. They were not led astray, nor changed [their books]. The Friends of Christ stayed in His ordinances and guidance for two hundred years’ (proved by Ibn Hibban). It is well-known that we have copies of the New Testament that go back to the fourth century A.D. These are in harmony with the books as they are today.” (True Guidance, p. 179)

These sources collectively suggest that the Quran and early Muslim scholars did not view the Bible as corrupted, indicating a historical continuity of the texts used by Jews and Christians.


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