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Jesus’ Claims to Divinity in the Synoptic Gospels: A Comprehensive Analysis


Jesus’ Claims to Divinity in the Synoptic Gospels: A Comprehensive Analysis

Jesus claimed to be God numerous times, even in the Synoptic Gospels. Below, I will list instances where Jesus made these claims, along with a brief exposition of each passage.

1. Mark 10:18

“‘Why do you call me good?’ Jesus answered. ‘No one is good—except God alone.’” (Mark 10:18)

In this passage, Jesus is essentially prompting the man to consider the implication of calling Him “good,” as only God is truly good. Jesus never refutes the man’s acknowledgment, suggesting He is indeed good, and therefore, divine. Jesus then tells the rich man to give up his idol (money) and follow Him, further emphasizing His divine authority. Elsewhere, Jesus calls Himself the “Good Shepherd,” a title attributed to God in Psalms.

2. Mark 14:62

“‘I am,’ said Jesus. ‘And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.’” (Mark 14:62)


Here, Jesus directly identifies Himself as the prophesied Son of Man from Daniel, who is worshiped alongside the Ancient of Days (God). The high priest’s reaction, tearing his robes and accusing Jesus of blasphemy, indicates that they understood Jesus was claiming divinity.

3. Luke 10:18

“He replied, ‘I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven.’” (Luke 10:18)

This statement implies that Jesus witnessed Satan’s fall, an event that predates human history. This suggests Jesus’ preexistence and divine nature.

4. Matthew 28:17-18

“When they saw him, they worshiped him; but some doubted. Then Jesus came to them and said, ‘All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.’” (Matthew 28:17-18)

Not only is Jesus worshiped by His disciples, but He also declares that He has total authority over heaven and earth, a claim only God can make.

5. Matthew 25:31-33

“‘When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his glorious throne. All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left.’” (Matthew 25:31-33)

Jesus claims He will judge the world, a prerogative reserved for God alone.

6. Mark 2:5/10

“When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralyzed man, ‘Son, your sins are forgiven.’ … ‘But I want you to know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins.’” (Mark 2:5, 10)

The Jews were shocked because only God can forgive sins. Jesus’ claim to forgive sins directly implies His divinity.

7. Matthew 12:6/8

“‘I tell you that something greater than the temple is here.’ … ‘For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.’” (Matthew 12:6, 8)

Jesus asserts He is greater than the temple and the Lord of the Sabbath, clearly claiming divinity.

8. Revelation 22:13

“‘I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End.’” (Revelation 22:13)

Only God can claim to be the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end.

Additional Claims in the Gospel of John

The Gospel of John contains even more explicit claims to Jesus’ divinity. Some examples include:

9. Jesus claimed to share glory with the Father before creation (John 17:5).

10. Jesus glorifies the Father as the Father glorifies Him (John 17:1).

11. Jesus stated He had seen Abraham and identified Himself with “I am” (John 8:58).

12. Moses wrote about Jesus (John 5:46).

13. Jesus is the way, the truth, and the life (John 14:6).

14. Jesus can answer prayers (John 14:13-14).

15. Jesus said to honor the Son as you would honor the Father, which includes worship (John 5:23).

16. Jesus said only He has seen the Father (John 6:46).

Worship of Jesus in the Gospels

Jesus is worshiped multiple times in the Gospels without correction:

17. Thomas called Jesus “My Lord and my God!” (John 20:28).

18. The Father called Jesus God: “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever” (Hebrews 1:8).

19. Paul referred to Jesus as God: “For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form” (Colossians 2:9).

20. Peter called Jesus God: “To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours” (2 Peter 1:1).

21. The author of John 1:1/14 stated Jesus is God: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” (John 1:1, 14).


I have listed at least 21 occurrences where Jesus Himself or others (including God the Father) declared His divinity. Additionally, Jesus never said, “I am not God, do not worship me.” His statements about being inferior to the Father refer to His limitations as a human on earth (e.g., “the Father is greater than I” – John 14:28).

Also In Exodus 20:3: “You must not worship any other gods except me.”

This verse is part of the Ten Commandments given to Moses on Mount Sinai, forming a fundamental aspect of Jewish, Christian, and Islamic monotheism. It underscores the exclusive worship and allegiance to Yahweh, the God of Israel, rejecting the worship of any other deities. This commandment emphasizes the uniqueness and sovereignty of God, serving as a cornerstone for the faith and practices of the Israelites. By adhering to this law, believers affirm their commitment to a covenant relationship with God, recognizing Him as the sole object of their worship and devotion.

And the Jewish people who believes and orchestrated this law through the inspiration of God on Moses also worship Jesus.

Then it’s a sign that truly Jesus is the true God.

For further theological insight, renowned scholar N.T. Wright states, “The early Christians did not invent the view that Jesus was divine; rather, something must have happened to Jesus to convince them that He was indeed God’s own Son” (Wright, “Jesus and the Victory of God”). C.S. Lewis also argues in “Mere Christianity” that Jesus’ claims to divinity leave no room for seeing Him merely as a great moral teacher; He must be accepted as Lord or rejected as a lunatic or liar.

This analysis supports the understanding of Jesus as God and encourages a deeper exploration of the biblical texts and their theological implications.


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